ULTRASOUND SCANNING

Private appointments are offered at:

The Somerfield Hospital
Spire Alexandra Hospital
The Maidstone Hospital

What is an Ultrasound Examination?
An ultrasound examination obtains a picture of the inside of the body without the use of X rays. It is a very safe technique, using high frequency sound waves, which are transmitted through a part of the body and reflected by the internal organs and structures. These echoes form a picture on a television screen, which can be analysed.

Urinary Tract Ultrasound

Procedure
You will be asked to undress and wear an examination gown. Once in the examination room you will need to lie on a couch for your ultrasound scan. For the sound waves to pass from the ultrasound probe through your skin easily, it is necessary to apply a small amount of a jelly on your skin. The probe is placed on your skin and the examination will begin. The scan will not hurt you and is completely safe.

Transrectal Ultrasound and Biopsy (Important information)
Please inform the X ray staff when making your appointment if you are:

  • Taking Warfarin, Aspirin, Clopidogrel, Aspirin or any other anticoagulant
  • Diabetic
  • Allergic to any drugs

Aim of Examination
This examination is carried out to demonstrate and evaluate the prostate gland by taking samples and tissue from the prostate.

Preparation
You will be given a course of antibiotics to take, starting one hour before your examination to prevent any infection. It is important to inform the X ray staff at the time of booking your appointment if you are taking Warfarin or Aspirin as this medication will need to be stopped temporarily prior to the examination.

Procedure
You will be asked to undress and wear an examination gown. Once in the examination room you will need to lay on a couch for your ultrasound scan.

In order to evaluate the prostate gland, a transrectal ultrasound examination is performed. This involves an ultrasound probe being inserted into the rectum, which most patients find easy to tolerate.

The biopsy will be carried out during the examination. A local anaesthetic is given prior to the biopsies being taken using a very fine needle via the wall of the rectum.

After the examination
You will be given an aftercare information sheet which you must read carefully before leaving the hospital. If you then have any queries please discuss them with the radiology staff.

Results

A follow up appointment will need to be made with the doctor/consultant who referred you as the results will be sent to them.

Transvaginal Ultrasound Scan

You may be familiar with the abdominal scan approach this requires a full bladder and a probe is pressed on the abdomen which can be uncomfortable. The vaginal scan does not require you to have a full bladder and the probe is close to the pelvic organs, so a good view is obtained of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes the pictures are much clearer and there is greater detail.

What should I expect?
You will not be asked to have the test if you have never had a vaginal (internal) examination previously. The examination can be performed at any time during a woman's life, in pregnancy, during menstruation or after the menopause (change of life). In menstruating women it is preferable to perform the scan between day 1-7 of the cycle to obtain an optimum assessment.

During the test
The test will be performed by a Consultant Radiologist.

The vaginal probe is disinfected before use, covered with a protective sheath and lubricated with jelly to make its insertion into the vagina easy and friction free. The probe is inserted very gently into the vagina, it will feel very similar to having an internal examination. By moving the probe in various directions, all the pelvic structures are displayed on the screen. While the probe is moved, you may experience some minor discomfort, but it is not a painful procedure. During the examination a hand may be placed on the lower abdomen to push the pelvic structures nearer the probe so they can be seen more easily on the screen.

After the Examination
This examination will take approximately 15 minutes, although your total time in the department may be an hour.

A follow up appointment will need to be made with the doctor/consultant who referred you as the results will be sent to them.

IMPORTANT
If you are allergic to latex please bring a latex free condom with you.

 

Doppler Ultrasound Studies (Venous and Arterial)
Doppler ultrasound is an extremely useful technique for assessing arterial and venous blood flow.

It is an essential tool in the  diagnosis of carotid and peripheral vascular arterial disease.

It is the primary investigation for varicose veins and deep vein thrombosis..